Turenne, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de


Turenne, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de
(1611-1675)
   marshal of France
   Born in Sedan, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de Turenne was the second son of the duke de bouillon and the grandson, on his mother's side, of William i, prince of orange. He began his military career under Prince Maurice de Nassau and prince Frederick Henry. Joining the French army (1630), he fought in the thirty years' war in Flanders, on the Rhine, and in italy (where he distinguished himself by taking Turin from the Spanish in 1640). Returning to Germany, he avenged his defeat at Marienthal in 1645 by his victory at Nordlingen, which he won with condé, that same year. After being defeated by the Spanish at Rethal (1650), he joined the fronde, but then went over to the Crown and defeated Condé at the faubourg Saint-Antoine, in Paris in 1652. He then defeated the Spanish, led by Condé, at the Battles of Arras (1654) and the Dunes, near Dunkerque (1658), for which he was named marshal of France (1660). Marshal Turenne fought in the War of Devolution and, in three months, took Flanders from Spain (1667). He played a determinant role in the war with Holland and, after taking the Palatinate, invaded Alsace, which he reconquered in the most audacious of his campaigns (victory at Turckheim, 1675). Marshal Turenne was killed during the Battle of Sasbach, Baden, fighting against the imperial forces under the command of General Montecuccoli. A Protestant, he converted to Catholicism in 1668.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, viscount de — orig. Henri de La Tour d Auvergne born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, France died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden Baden French military leader. He earned his reputation as a military leader in the Thirty Years War, especially with the capture of Turin… …   Universalium

  • Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de — ▪ French military leader Introduction (viscount of ) born Sept. 11, 1611, Sedan, Fr. died July 27, 1675, Sasbach, Baden Baden  French military leader, marshal of France (from 1643), one of the greatest military commanders during the reign of… …   Universalium

  • Bouillon, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, viscount of Turenne, duke de — (1555 1623)    military figure, marshal of France    Born in Joze, Henri de la Tour d Auvergne, viscount de Turenne and duke of Bouillon, served under King henry IV and was one of the leaders of the Protestant party. He was the father of Marshal… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne — Turenne redirects here. For other uses, see Turenne (disambiguation). Turenne. Henri de la Tour d Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, often called simply Turenne (11 September 1611, Sedan, Ardennes – 27 July 1675) was the most illustrious member of the …   Wikipedia

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  • House of la Tour d'Auvergne — La Tour d Auvergne was a French noble family. Its senior branch, extinct in 1501, held the titles of count of Auvergne and count of Boulogne for about half a century. Its junior branch, extinct in 1802, held the title of duke of Bouillon since… …   Wikipedia

  • Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne — Godefroy Maurice Duke of Bouillon Godefroy Maurice in 1657 Spouse Marie Anne Mancini …   Wikipedia

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  • tour — /toor/, n. 1. a traveling around from place to place. 2. a long journey including the visiting of a number of places in sequence, esp. with an organized group led by a guide. 3. a brief trip through a place, as a building or a site, in order to… …   Universalium


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